Federal law originates with the Constitution, which gives Congress the power to enact statutes for certain limited purposes like regulating interstate commerce. The United States Code is the official compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal statutes. Many statutes give executive branch agencies the power to create regulations, which are published in the Federal Register and codified into the Code of Federal Regulations. Regulations generally also carry the force of law under the Administrative Procedure Act. The outcome of many legal proceedings turn on the meaning of a federal statute or regulation, and judicial interpretations of such meaning carry legal force under the principle of judicial review.
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